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Basic information of Province/City/Autonomous Region

Basic information of Province/City/Autonomous Region

Note:

Provinces / Municipalities / Autonomous Regions covered by CDETO are four provinces of Sichuan, Qinghai, Guizhou, Shaanxi, Tibet Autonomous Region and the Municipality of Chongqing.

Sichuan

Geographical Position and Administrative Division

Known as the “Land of Abundance”, Sichuan is located in the southwestern hinterland along the upper reaches of the Yangtze River. Sichuan governs 21 cities (prefectures), and 183 counties (cities, districts). The province covers an area of 486,000 square kilometres and its capital city is Chengdu.

Resource Advantages

Sichuan is rich in natural resources, including hydro energy, coal and natural gas. Mineral resources such as natural gas, vanadium, titanium, lithium, iron pyrite, mirabilite, and salt mine are among the top identified resources reserves in China. Sichuan is also one of the nationally largest bases of traditional Chinese medicines.

Key Industries

Sichuan is a large economic province in west China, due to its front-rank GDP, total grain output, total industrial output value and total retail sales of consumer goods. Sichuan is an important industrial base in China and a large industrial province in the western region, with complete modern industrial systems and categories. Electronics, machinery, pharmaceutical, chemical, military and other industries of the province seize important positions in China. In recent years, Sichuan Province has proposed to build a powerful economic province and create a new economic system with high-quality development, and focus on the five tera-scale pillar industries and digital economy ([5+1] modern industrial system) of electronic information, equipment manufacturing, food and beverage, advanced materials, and energy and chemical industry.

On April 1, 2017, China (Sichuan) Pilot Free Trade Zone (Sichuan Pilot Free Trade Zone) was officially listed.Sichuan Pilot Free Trade Zone covers an area of 119.99 square kilometres and covers three districts: 1) Chengdu Tianfu New Area, with an area of 90.32 square kilometres; 2) Chengdu Qingbaijiang Railway Port Area, with an area of 9.68 square kilometres; 3) South Sichuan Port Area, with an area of 19.99 square kilometres. With the strategic positioning of “based on inland, linking the east and west, serving the whole country, and facing the world”, Sichuan Pilot Free Trade Zone will be built into a development and opening-up guiding area for western gateway cities, a leading area for inland open strategy support belt, an international open channel hub, a new highland for inland open economy, as well as a demonstration area for collaborative opening of inland and coastal and border areas, as well as areas along the Yangtze River.

Main economic data(JAN-DEC, 2019)
Area 486, 000 sq km
Permanent resident population 83.75 million

Regional GDP

- Primary industry

- Secondary industry

- Tertiary industry

RMB 4,661.58 billion (y-o-y growth 7.5%)

RMB 480.72 billion (y-o-y growth 2.8%)

RMB 1,736.53 billion (y-o-y growth 7.5%)

RMB 2,444.33 billion (y-o-y growth 8.5%)

Industry Proportion

10.3%

37.3%

52.4%

Total import & export

- Total export

- Total import

RMB 676.59 billion (y-o-y growth 13.8%)

RMB 389.23 billion (y-o-y growth 16.8%)

RMB 287.36 billion (y-o-y growth 9.9%)

Data source:

The People's Government of Sichuan Province
Sichuan Provincial Department of Commerce
Sichuan Provincial Bureau of Statistics

The Municipality of Chongqing

Chongqing Municipality, also “yu”, located in the eastern part of the southwestern region and along the upper reaches of the Yangtze River, is the focus for the country in development of the western region. In March 1997, Chongqing Municipality was approved as a municipality directly under the Central Government. It is the fourth of this kind after Beijing, Tianjin and Shanghai.

Chongqing now governs 38 administrative districts and counties (autonomous counties) , including 26 districts (Wanzhou District, Qianjiang District, Fuling District, Yuzhong District, Dadukou District, Jiangbei District, Shapingba District, Jiulongpo District, Nan'an District, Beibei District, Yubei District, Banan District, Changshou District, Jiangjin District, Hechuan District, Yongchuan District, Nanchuan District, Qijiang District, Dazu District, Tongnan District, Tongliang District, Rongchang District, Bishan District, Liangping District, Wulong District, Kaizhou District); and 12 counties (autonomous counties) (Chengkou County, Fengdu County, Dianjiang County, Zhongxian County, Yunyang County, Fengjie County, Wushan County, Wuxi County, Shizhu Tujia Autonomous County, Xiushan Tujia and Miao Autonomous County , Youyang Tujia and Miao Autonomous County, Pengshui Miao and Tujia Autonomous County).

Chongqing is an important strategic pivot of the Silk Road Economic Belt, the western hub of the Yangtze River Economic Belt, and the industrial hinterland of the Maritime Silk Road. When President Xi Jinping visited Chongqing in January 2016, he proposed work requirements and positioning for Chongqing, and asked Chongqing to play the role of the important strategic pivot of west development as well as the junction of the “Belt and Road” and the Yangtze River Economic Belt.

Chongqing has initially formed an industrial system based on automobile, motorcycle, equipment manufacturing, chemical, pharmaceutical, metallurgical, building materials and other industries.

Main development zones in Chongqing include Chongqing High-tech Zone, Chongqing Economic and Technological Development Zone, Chongqing Xiyong Micro-electronics Industrial Park, Chongqing Liang Jiang New Area, Chongqing Jiangjin Comprehensive Bonded Zone, Wanzhou Economic-Technological Development Zone and Changshou Economic and Technological Development Area.

On April 1, 2017, the China (Chongqing) Pilot Free Trade Zone (Chongqing Pilot Free Trade Zone) was officially inaugurated. The implementation area of Chongqing Pilot Free Trade Zone is 119.98 square kilometers, covering 3 areas, namely Liangjiang area, Xiyong area and Guoyuangang area.

Main economic data(JAN-DEC, 2019)
Area 82,400 sq km
Permanent resident population 31.24 million

Regional GDP

- Primary industry

- Secondary industry

- Tertiary industry

RMB 2,360.577 billion (y-o-y growth 6.3%)

RMB 155.142 billion (y-o-y growth 3.6%)

RMB 949.684 billion (y-o-y growth 6.4%)

RMB 1,255.751 billion (y-o-y growth 6.4%)

Industry proportion

6.6%

40.2%

53.2%

GDP per capita RMB 75,828 (y-o-y growth 5.4%)

Total import & export

- Total export

- Total import

RMB 579.278 billion (y-o-y growth 11.0%)

RMB 371.292 billion (y-o-y growth 9.4%)

RMB 207.986 billion (y-o-y growth 13.8%)

Foreign investment

- Number of newly approved projects

- Contractual utilized foreign investment

- Actual utilized foreign investment

223 (y-o-ydecrease 3.9%)

0.313 billion US dollars (y-o-y decrease 65.5%)

10.31 billion US dollars (y-o-y growth 0.4%)

Data source:

Chongqing Statistics Bureau (Chinese Version Only)

Shaanxi Province

Geographical Position and Administrative Division

Shaanxi Province, abbreviated as "Shaan" or "Qin", is located along the middle reaches of the Yellow River. It has Shanxi and Henan on its east, Ningxia and Gansu on its west, Sichuan, Chongqing and Hubei on its south, and Inner Mongolia on its north. It possesses the important place which connects the east and central parts as well as the northwest and southwest parts of China. The province governs 1 sub-provincial capital city, 9 cities with districts, Yangling Demonstration Zone, 30 municipal districts, 73 counties, 2 county-level cities and 2 provincial cities. The capital city is Xi’an.

The northern part of Shaanxi Province is located on the Loess Plateau; the southern part belongs to Qinba Mountain; and the middle part is the alluvial plain of the Weihe River known as "eight hundred miles of Qinchuan". The overall terrain is high in the north and south and low in the middle. The main mountain ranges include Qinling, Dabashan and Huashan. By taking the Qinling Mountains as the boundary, the rivers passing through the province are divided into two major systems, namely, the Yellow River and the Yangtze River.

Key Industries

1.High-tech—Shaanxi has become an important base for the development of hi-tech industries in China. It has the only comprehensive national hi-tech industrial base in the western area of China.

2.Energy and chemical—Shaanxi Province has rich energy resources. Fossil energy resources such as coal, oil and natural gas here are featured by huge reserves, excellent quality and good mining conditions. Shaanxi has unique advantages in building large-scale energy and chemical bases.

3.Science and technology industry for national defense—Shaanxi is a giant province for science and technology industry for national defence in China. It has formed a scientific research, production and test system for national defense which consists of six industries, namely, nuclear, aerospace, aviation, weapons, ships and military electronics and under which, plants, research institutes, universities and colleges are supplemental to each other.

4.Forest and fruit industry—Shaanxi is the largest apple-growing province in China. The four major fruits, namely, apples, pears, dates and kiwifruits produced here are well known at home and abroad.

5.Animal husbandry—Diversified natural environment in Shaanxi Province provide good conditions for the development of animal husbandry. Qinchuan cattle, Shanbei white cashmere goat and southern Shaanxi lean meat pig all have distinctive characteristics. Dairy cows and dairy products of this province are among the best in China, making Shaanxi an important milk source base of the country.

6.Tourism—Shaanxi is one of the provinces enjoying the most abundant and unique tourist resources in China, and is known as the “Natural History Museum” of ancient Chinese society.

Resource Advantages

Shaanxi is rich in mineral resources and is one of the major mineral resource provinces in China. Many minerals here seize important positions in the country. Among the 15 pillar mineral reserves that the national economy relies on, salt mines here rank first in the country. Among the 12 provinces and autonomous regions in the west, its oil reserve ranks second; coal, molybdenum and cement limestone rank third; and phosphate rock and natural gas rank fourth.

Both the Yellow River and the Yangtze River pass through Shaanxi Province. In 2016, the province's average precipitation was 566.4 mm, and the total water resource was 27.148 billion cubic meters.

Economic and trade exchange with Hong Kong

Foreign trade

In Jan-Jun 2019, the import and export of Shaanxi and Hong Kong was 18.62 billion yuan, decrease of 44.8% year-on-year; among them, Shaanxi exported 18.6 billion yuan to Hong Kong, decrease of 44.86%; and imported 25 million yuan from Hong Kong, an increase of 103.25% year-on-year. Shaanxi exported mainly integrated circuits, hard disk, wireless phone, semi-conductor raw materials and industrial sewing machines to Hong Kong and imported mainly semi-conductor packing equipment, printed materials, optical equipment, stabilized voltage electric source and measuring equipment from Hong Kong.

Utilization of foreign investment

In Jan-Jun 2019, Hong Kong ranked first among the countries/regions that invest in Shaanxi. The investment involved 45 companies, decrease of 8.16% year-on-year; contractual Hong Kong investment was 1.098 billion US dollars, decreas of 25.33%; and the actually used Hong Kong capital was 1.915 billion US dollars, an increase of 116.15%. It mainly invested in manufacturing, real estate,leasing and business services, financial services, wholesale and retail services.

Main economic data(JAN-JUN, 2019)
Area 205,600 sq km
Permanent resident population 38.644 million

Regional GDP

- Primary industry

- Secondary industry

- Tertiary Industry

RMB 11,625.57 billion (y-o-y growth 5.4%)

RMB 553.19 billion (y-o-y growth 4.5%)

RMB 5,579.35 billion (y-o-y growth4.2%)

RMB 5,493.03 billion (y-o-y growth 6.8%)

Industry Proportion

4.75%

48%

47.24%

Total Import & Export(JAN-NOV)

- Total export

- Total import

RMB 3,215.15 billion (y-o-y growth 0.04%)

RMB 1,728.73 billion (y-o-y decrease10.21%)

RMB 1,486.42 billion (y-o-y growth 15.4.%)

Foreign Investment(JAN-NOV)

- number of newly approved projects

- contractual utilized foreign investment

- actual utilized foreign investment

251

27.05 billion US dollars (y-o-y decrease 67.22%)

72.64 billion US dollars (y-o-y growth 34.81%)

Data Source:

Local Chronicle Office of Shaanxi Province(Chinese Version Only)
Shaanxi Provincial Bureau of Statistics(Chinese Version Only)
Shaanxi Provincial Department of Commerce

Guizhou Province

Geographical Position and Administrative Division

Guizhou Province, shortly “Qian” or “Gui”, is located in the southwest region of China. The whole province consists of 6 prefecture-level cities (Guiyang, Zunyi, Liupanshui, Anshun, Bijie, Tongren) and 3 autonomous prefectures (Qiandongnan Miao and Dong Autonomous Prefecture, QianNanBuyi and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, Qianxinan Buyei and Miao Autonomous Prefecture) The province covers an area of 176,000 square kilometres and the provincial capital is Guiyang.

Resource Advantages

Guizhou Province has abundant natural resources in China. Guizhou Province is endowed with rich energy resources, including water, electricity and coal, among which, water and coal advantages coexist and complement to each other.

Guizhou is rich in mineral resources, including mercury, barite, sandstone for chemical fertilizers, sandstone for metallurgy, diabase for facing, sandstone for brick and tile, phosphate rock, bauxite, rare earth, magnesium, manganese and gallium.

Key Industries

Guizhou is now accelerating the development of five emerging industries, including the electronic information industry led by big data, pharmaceutical health maintenance industry aiming at comprehensive health, modern high-efficiency mountain agriculture based on green, organic and pollution-free, cultural tourism featured by nationality and mountain culture, and new building materials industry led by energy conservation, environmental protection and low carbon.

Main economic data(JAN-DEC, 2019)
Area 176,000 sq km
Permanent residential population 36.23 million

Regional GDP

- Primary Industry

- Secondary Industry

- Tertiary Industry

RMB 1,676.93 billion (y-o-y growth 8.3%)

RMB 228.06 billion (y-o-y growth 5.7%)

RMB 605.85 billion (y-o-y growth 9.8%)

RMB 843.03 billion (y-o-y growth 7.8%)

Industry proportion

13.6%

36.1%

50.3%

Total import & expor

- Total export

- Total import

RMB 45.36 billion (y-o-y decrease 9.5 %)

RMB 32.71 billion (y-o-y decrease 3.1%)

RMB 12.64 billion (y-o-y decrease 22.6%)

Data source:

Guizhou provincial government
Guizhou Provincial Department of Commerce (Chinese Version Only)
Guizhou Provincial Bureau of Statistics (Chinese Version Only)

Qinghai Province

Geographical Position and Administrative Division

Qinghai Province, or shortly “Qing”, is located in west China and in the northeastern part of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The whole province covers an area of 722,300 square kilometres and its capital city is Xining.

Qinghai Province governs 2 prefecture-level cities (Xining, Haidong), 6 autonomous prefectures (Haibei Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Haixi Prefecture, Huangnan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Guoluo Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture and Yushu Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture) and 6 municipal districts.

The major industries of Qinghai Province include saltwater lake chemicals, non-ferrous metals and processing, oil and gas chemicals, coal chemicals, new energy, equipment manufacturing, and speciality textiles. It has large reserves in salt lake mineral resources (potassium, magnesium, lithium, sodium, strontium, boron, etc.). Besides, it is also rich in petroleum, natural gas, sylvite, asbestos and non-ferrous metals (copper, lead, zinc, cobalt, etc.) minerals, with large supply in the whole country.

Main economic data(JAN-DEC, 2019)
Area 722,000 sq km
Permanent residential population 6.078 million

Regional GDP

- Primary Industry

- Secondary Industry

- Tertiary Industry

RMB 296.60 billion (y-o-y growth 6.3%)

RMB 30.19 billion (y-o-y growth 4.6%)

RMB 115.98 billion (y-o-y growth 6.3%)

RMB 150.43 billion (y-o-y growth 6.5%)

Industry proportion

10.2%

39.1%

50.7%

Total import & export

- Total export

- Total import

RMB 3.73 billion (y-o-y decrease 22.7 %)

RMB 2.02 billion (y-o-y decrease 35.1%)

RMB 1.70 billion (y-o-y decrease 0.1%)

Data source:

Qinghai People’s Government (Chinese Version Only)
Qinghai Provincial Department of Commerce(Chinese Version Only) Qinghai Province Bureau of Statistics (Chinese Version Only)

Tibet Autonomous Region

Geographical Position and Administrative Division

The Tibet Autonomous Region, also referred to as "Tibet", is a Tibetan autonomous region in the southwestern border area of the People's Republic of China. The whole Region covers an area of 1,228,000 square kilometers and the average elevation is above 4,000 kilometers.The capital city is Lhasa.

Tibet currently has 6 prefecture-level cities (Lhasa, Changdu, Shigatse, Nyingchi,Shannan and Nagqu, 1 prefecture(Ngari).

In terms of industry, Tibet mainly develops energy, processing of specialty agricultural and livestock product, superior minerals, traditional Tibetan medicine, ethnic handicrafts, etc. In agriculture, Tibet vigorously develops specialty agriculture and animal husbandry, and builds product and processing bases for specialty agriculture and livestock products such as barley, yak, and cashmere goats.

Main economic data (JAN-DEC, 2019)
Area 1.228 million sq km
Permanent resident population 3.506 million

Regional GDP

- Primary Industry

- Secondary Industry

- Tertiary Industry

RMB 169.78 billion (y-o-y growth 8.1%)

RMB 13.82 billion (y-o-y growth 4.6%)

RMB 63.56 billion (y-o-y growth 7.0%)

RMB 92.40 billion (y-o-y growth 9.2%)

Industry Proportion

8.2%

37.4%

54.4%

Total import & export

- Total export

- Total import

RMB 4.88 billion (y-o-y growth 2.6%)

RMB 3.75 billion (y-o-y growth 31.1%)

RMB 1.13 billion (y-o-y decrease 40.4%)

Data source:

The People’s Government of Tibet Autonomous Region (Chinese Version Only)
The Department of Commerce of Tibet Autonomous Region (Chinese Version Only)
The Bureau of Statistics of Tibet Autonomous Region (Chinese Version Only)
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